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The History of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing might be a relatively new concept for today’s business owner. However, cloud computing is certainly not new. Its history and evolution dates back to the 1950s and 1960s.

In the 1950s, organizations started to use large mainframe computers, but they couldn’t afford to purchase a computer for each user. A process was developed, which allowed multiple users to access a single mainframe, and usecomputer terminals that had no internal processing capabilities of their own.This process was called “time-sharing.” The origin of server hosting, and the cloud server, was born.

Delivering computing resources through a global network, however, is mainly rooted in the 1960s.Ben Smye of Business2 Community stated that, “the next notable event in cloud computing’s history came in 1969, courtesy of American computer scientist, J. C. R. Licklider. He helped to develop the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the so-called predecessor to the Internet. Licklider also had a vision for everyone in the world to be interconnected and accessing programs and data at any site and from anywhere.“ Read more at
Many interesting events occurred in the 1970s and 1980s. IBM, Microsoft, and Apple developed technologies to enhance the cloud environment, and to advance the use of the cloud server and server hosting. Virtualization – creating a virtual (rather than an actual) version of computer hardware platforms, operating systems (OS), storage devices, or computer network resources – was maximized.

The origin of the term “cloud computing” isn’t clear. But, in 1999, Salesforce.comwas the first organization to deliver business applications from a website. Like today’s and Google Apps, delivered server hosting for business applications and tools.

Currently, cloud computing is considered both a research topic and a reliable market offering.Services, like the Apple iCloud, are applications that have resulted from the history, research, and development of cloud services.

In the future, however, the cloud as a defining term will begin to fade as most IT services will include a cloud component. It is predicted that every computer technology will in some way be connected to the cloud.  It is not yet clear how these future advancements will impact the business world.

Complimenting this unique history, Essential Data Services uses state-of-the-art IBM software to manage their cloud services, to ensure access to applications and data are available to customers 24x7x365, and to provide a cloud platform with endless possibilities. We have the technology to “cloud” a client’s entire network of applications, databases, files, and programs. We can help you and your business. Read our company’s bi-weekly blog, or find out more at

Did we answer your questions on the history of cloud computing ? Leave a comment to let us know how we can further help you.


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